Leuven University Press
Applications, possibilities, and limitations of handheld XRF in art conservation and archaeology
Over the last decade the technique of X-ray fluorescence has evolved, from dependence on laboratory-based standalone units to field use of portable and lightweight handheld devices. These portable instruments have given researchers in art conservation and archaeology the opportunity to study a broad range of materials with greater accessibility and flexibility than ever before.
In addition, the low relative cost of handheld XRF has led many museums, academic institutions, and cultural centres to invest in the devices for routine materials analysis purposes. Although these instruments often greatly simplify data collection, proper selection of analysis conditions and interpretation of the data still require an understanding of the principles of x-ray spectroscopy. These instruments are often marketed and used as ‘point and shoot' solutions; however, their inexpert use can easily generate deceptive or erroneous results.
This volume focuses specifically on the applications, possibilities, and limitations of handheld XRF in art conservation and archaeology. The papers deal with experimental methodologies, protocols, and possibilities of handheld XRF analysis in dealing with the complexity of materials encountered in this research.
ContributorsJ. Aimers (State University of New York), T. Barrett (University of Iowa), A. Bezur (The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston), R. Brill (Corning Museum of Glass), F. Casadio (Art Institute of Chicago), M. Donais (Saint Anselm College), D. Farthing (State University of New York), J. Furgeson (University of Missouri), D. George (Saint Anselm College), B. Kaiser (Bruker Elemental), A. Kaplan (Getty Conservation Institute), J. Lang, (University of Iowa), J. Mass (Winterthur Museum), C. Matsen (Winterthur Museum), C. McGlinchey (Museum of Modern Art), H. Neff (California State University Long Beach), C. Patterson (Getty Conservation Institute), R. Shannon (Bruker-Elemental), A. Shugar (Buffalo State College), J. Sirois (Canadian Conservation Institute), D. Smith (National Gallery of Art), D. Stulik (Getty Conservation Institute), K. Trentelman (Getty Conservation Institute), N. Turner (Getty Conservation Institute), F. Paredes Umaña (University of Pennsylvania), B. Voorhies (University of California), J. Wade (National Science Foundation)
Table of Contents
List of illustrations
List of tables
Chapter 1IntroductionAaron N. Shugar and Jennifer L. Mass
Chapter 2Handheld X-ray fluorescence analysis of Renaissance bronzes: Practical approaches to quantification and acquisitionDylan Smith
Chapter 3Application of a handheld XRF spectrometer in research and identification of photographsDusan C. Stulik and Art Kaplan
Chapter 4Handheld XRF for the examination of paintings: proper use and limitationsChris McGlinchey
Chapter 5XRF analysis of manuscript illuminationsK. Trentelman, C. Schmidt Patterson and N. Turner
Chapter 6XRF analysis of historical paper in open booksTim Barrett, Robert Shannon, Jennifer Wade and Joseph Lang
Chapter 7Quantitative non-destructive analysis of historic silver alloys: X-ray fluorescence approaches and challenges Jennifer Mass and Catherine Matsen
Chapter 8The analysis of porcelain using handheld and portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometersAniko Bezur and Francesca Casadio
Chapter 9Handheld XRF use in the identification of heavy metal pesticides in ethnographic collectionsAaron N. Shugar and P. Jane Sirois
Chapter 10Using handheld XRF to aid in phasing, locus comparisons, and material homogeneity assessment at an archaeological excavationMary Kate Donais and David George
Chapter 11Handheld XRF elemental analysis of archaeological sediments: some examples from MesoamericaHector Neff, Barbara Voorhies and Federico Paredes Umana
Chapter 12X-Ray fluorescence of obsidian: approaches to calibration and the analysis of small samplesJeffrey R. Ferguson
Chapter 13Handheld XRF analysis of Maya ceramics: a pilot study presenting issues related to quantification and calibrationJim J. Aimers, Dori J. Farthing and Aaron N. Shugar
Chapter 14Glass analysis utilizing handheld X-ray fluorescenceBruce Kaiser and Aaron Shugar
List of contributors