Gender and Christianity in Modern Europe
Beyond the Feminization Thesis
Case studies upon the use of concepts like feminization and masculinization in relation to christianity
Since the 1970s the feminization thesis has become a powerful trope in the rewriting of the social history of Christendom. However, this ‘thesis' has triggered some vehement debates, given that men have continued to dominate the churches, and the churches themselves have reacted to the association of religion and femininity, often formulated by their critics, by explicitly focusing their appeal to men. In this book the authors critically reflect upon the use of concepts like feminization and masculinization in relation to Christianity. By presenting case studies that adopt different gendered approaches with regard to Christian, mainly Catholic discourses and practices, the authors capture multiple ‘feminizations' and ‘masculinizations' in Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries. In particular, it becomes clear that the idea that Christianity took on ‘charicteristically feminine' values and practices cannot withstand the conclusion that what is considered ‘manly' or ‘feminine' depends on time, place, and context, and on the reasons why gendered metaphors are used.
Beyond the feminization thesis.
Gendering the history of Christianity in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
The Catholic poor relief discourse and the feminization of the Caritas in early nineteenth-century Germany
Celibate or married priests?
Polemical gender discourse in nineteenth-century Catholicism
The Cult of the Virgin Mary, or the feminization of the male element in the Roman Catholic Church? A psycho-historical hypothesis
The ‘Sportsman' and the ‘Muscular Christian'.
Rival ideals in nineteenth-century England
Lions and lambs at the same time!
Belgian Zouave stories and examples of religious masculinity
Tine Van Osselaer
‘From that moment on, I was a man!'.
Images of the Catholic male in the Sacred Heart devotion
Repertoires of Catholic manliness in the Netherlands (1850-1940).
A case study of the Dutch Dominicans
The boys of Saint Dominic 's.
Catholic boys' culture at a minor seminary in interwar Holland
Female soldiers and the battle for God.
Gender ambiguities and a Dutch Catholic conversion movement, 1921-1942
Michael E. O'Sullivan
A feminized Church?
German Catholic women, piety, and domesticity, 1918-1938
- 704 | Kerk- en dogmengeschiedenis
- Number of pages: 240
- Width: 17 cm
- Height: 23.8 cm
- Patrick Pasture, Editor (all publications from this author/editor with Leuven University Press)
Patrick Pasture is Professor of History and Director of the Centre for European Studies at the University of Leuven. He is currently working on a transatlantic history of Christendom in Western Europe and North America since 1650 and on different issues related to religious globalization in Europe.
- Jan Art, Editor (all publications from this author/editor with Leuven University Press)
Jan Art retired as professor of history at the University of Ghent in 2010. He has published widely on 19th and 20th century cultural and religious history, social science methodology in history, and psychohistory.
- Thomas Buerman, Editor (all publications from this author/editor with Leuven University Press)